October 24th, 2014


И пусть повезёт гренадёру...

The IDF has long been fond of the rifle grenade. For night assaults on prepared defensive positions, Israeli infantry often crept to within rifle grenade range. The assault was started with a volley of grenades onto the enemy positions intended to stun them and put their heads down, immediately followed by the infantry assault before their opponents could recover... As far back as the 1960s, S.L.A. Marshall noted: "Israel's infantry prefers the rifle-fired antitank grenade to the bazooka for shock effect on a group or bunker. At night, if the section should run into an ambush, the grenadier fires, and the others rush straight in, not firing"...

At first, Israel manufactured a copy of the Energa rifle grenade for use with their FALs. Other, more recent designs are still in production. A good example is the Israeli-made BT/AT-52. This is a BT {bullet-trap - "пулеулавливающая", т.е. допускающая использование с обычным патроном, а не со специальным, без пули} rifle grenade that can be used with 5.56mm or 7.62mm weapons which share the same-diameter muzzle device, with a maximum range of 300m... from the latter.

The Israeli doctrine of using tanks to kill tanks left the infantry ill-equipped with anti-tank weapons. One Israeli strongpoint guarding the Golan Heights during the Syrian armoured attacks there in 1973 had only a single bazooka and five rockets for it. When there were expended, a young Israeli lieutenant engaged five Soviet-made Syrian T-62 tanks with his Romat and rifle grenades, although doubtful of their capabilities. He hit the first two tanks and although there were no Hollywood-style fuel-air explosions, both tanks stopped moving and stopped firing. The other three forced the lieutenant back to the cover of the underground fortifications.

(The FN FAL Battle Rifle By Bob Cashner)

Collapse )